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 shpory Dissertation

27. Kinds of device. Structural typesof epithets.

DEVICE – a great stylistic system emphasizing several quality of any person, thing\idea. Function – characterization, extremely subjective and evaluative. Shouldn't be confused with logical attributes. (wooden table, wooden face, gray sky – steel atmosphere. ) Epithets are said to create a picture, there is a particular mood linked, while logical attribute give characteristic properties of an subject or a idea. Fixed epithet(stable) – they turn to be fixed through long. (красна девица, диво дивное, a fair lady, real love, green wood). Structurally epithets can be of various kinds: 1 . As single epithet=> adj+noun (angry atmosphere, dead silence); 2 . In pairs (a tired outdated town); 3. In strings, chains (in the frosty grey street-washing milk delivering); 4. Straightforward –they are used singly in the attributive or adverbial positions(an angry sky); 5. Mixture – developed by chemical substance adj (a cloud-shaped giant, flout-like voice); 6. Two step set ups – an adv+adj (a pompously regal female); 7. A phrase\sentence epithet – (I don't care attitude); 8. Inverted, reversed, metaphorical - based on a metaphor and is generally expressed by an of-phrase(the toy of the girl, a ghost of smile, satan of a woman. ). Used to characterize the thing, to stress the peculiar features of the object described. To give a person evaluation, to give an emotional assessment. Logical attribute:

1)Semantic qualifying criterion: - affiliated epithet (approximately = reasonable attrib); - unassociated device (subjective); set epithet. 2)Structural criterion: -- simple; - compound; - phrase\sentence. 3)Distributional criterion -> epithets which will occur in pairs, a chain of epithets: -- reversed, - transferred. doze. Phrase and idiom. The stylistic potential and function of phrases within a discourse. Zeugma. Phraseology is utilized in a couple of meanings by least: 1- branch of lexicology studying structural & semantic peculiarities of said expressions & a stock of said expressions existing in a lang. All explained expressions existing in dialect 2 groupings: 1-in which will meaning with the whole can be derived from the meaning of the components(break the law) 2-demonstrate fully or somewhat transferred that means of the components(said expression proper): non-/predicative movement. Among the conditions for these standard units there is " idiom”- a group of phrases whose that means is not possible to understand by meaning of separate phrases. Other terms: conventionalized multiword expression, multiword unit, idiomatic word group, collocation, macro lexeme, ready-made utterance. Terms " idiom”& " phrase” may be used in the same context. The use of term " idiom” seems attributive to Uk & American study in which idiom-umbrella term for wordlike & sentencelike said movement. Compound unit-a stable mixture of words with a fully or perhaps partially radical meaning. The typical char of phrase: 1- polysemic set up 2- linguistic stability 3- globality of nomination which usually reigns supreme within the formal separability of factors 4-the optional char-rhythmical layout based on a rhyme (by nook or by crook)& sound identity(as right because rain). Stylistic potential of phrase is based on discriminating among a simple word & a key phrase because term has a fresh additional connotation. A special circumstance of phr unit is named zeugma - a physique of conversation which includes 1 primary element & adjuncts. Really based on distinction between the syntactic identity & semantic incontactability/incongruity-lack of semantic links(" Your woman was within the white gown & a smile on her face”). 1 . The meaning of the term " style”. Stylistics as well as its connection with different branches of linguistics. The challenge of the norm in style. 28 meanings in the word ‘style' are signed up in Oxford dictionary. Stylistics come from the phrase style, which in turn originated from Latina " stilus”- a little directed stick, used for writing on wax tablets, which simply by metonymy came to mean 1) the manner of speaking or doing a thing (good or perhaps bad style); 2) the mode of...

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